This area of agronomy involves selective breeding of plants to produce the best crops under various conditions. Plant breeding has increased crop yields and has improved the nutritional value of numerous crops, including corn, soybeans, and wheat. It also has led to the development of new types of plants. For example, a hybrid grain called triticale was produced by crossbreeding rye and wheat. Triticale contains more usable protein than does either rye or wheat. Agronomy has also been instrumental in fruit and vegetable production research.
It is understood that the role of agronomist includes seeing whether produce from a field of ‘x’ meets the following conditions:
- Land and water access
- Commercialization (market)
- Quality and quantity of inputs
- Risk protection (insurance)
- Agricultural credit