Biology (from Greek, bios,”life”;logia) is the study of life and a branch of the natural sciences which studies living organisms and how they interact with each other and their environment. It examines the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living things. Also, it classifies and describes organisms, their functions, and how species come into existence. Five unifying principles form the foundation of modern biology: cell theory, evolution, gene theory, energy, and homeostasis. Biology as a separate science was developed in the nineteenth century as scientists discovered that organisms shared fundamental characteristics. Biology is now a standard subject of instruction at schools and universities around the world, and over a million papers are published annually in a wide array of biology and medicine journals.
The Biology program offers curricula leading to a Bachelor of Arts or a Bachelor of Science with emphasis in the following areas: Biology, Zoology, Ecology, Marine Biology, Pre-Chiropractic, Pre-Dentistry, Pre-Medicine, Pre-Naturopathy, and Pre-Veterinary. The biological training offered provides the student with either a basic core preparation leading to further study in graduate or professional school, or immediately marketable training for industry or government service. The program also offers a minor for students in other majors.
Education Details & Eligibility:
B.Sc with Zoology, Botany and Chemistry with 55% marks. Admission to B.Sc is open to any candidate who has passed the intermediate examination with at least second division marks in science (physics, chemistry and maths/biology). A candidate who has passed B.Sc. (two years course)Examination with Botany & Zoology as Elective subject is eligible for admission to M.Sc. Zoology/Botany, provided that he/she has secured at least 45% marks in the relevant subject as well as in the aggregate of B.Sc. Master’s degree in Marine Biology/Zoology/ any branch of Life Science such as Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Botany, Fishery Science with 60% marks for doing M.Phil.
- B.Sc Biology (3 Year Course)
- M.Sc Biology (2 Year Course)
- M.Phil Biology (1 Year Course)
Education Total Expenses:
In India it costs as below:
- B.Sc Rs.20000/ per year – (approx) (3 Years)
- M.Sc Rs.30000/ per Year – (approx) (2 Years)
- M.Phil Rs. 50000/ per Year – (approx) (1 Year)
The expense majorly depends on the country where we study. Also government offers many scholarships for this course.
Institutions that Offers this Education
- University of Bridgeport.
- Jadavpur University,
- IIT Delhi and Kharagpur,
- Anna University, Madras
Job Opportunities and Job Roles
Biology includes fields such as Agronomy. Animal Husbandry, Biochemistry, Forestry, Horticulture, Fish and Wildlife Conservation and Range Management. New and exciting careers have opened in Oceanography and Marine Biology, High Altitude Biology and Environmental Biology. We have also witnessed the growth of new professions during the past few years- Bio-instrumentation, Biotechnology, Biophysics, Cryobiology, Bionics, etc
There are several career paths you can follow as a biologist, including these:
Research: Research biologists study the natural world, using the latest scientific tools and techniques in both laboratory settings and the outdoors, to understand how living systems work. Many work in exotic locations around the world, and what they discover increases our understanding of biology and may be put to practical use to find solutions to specific problems.
Health care: Biologists may develop public health campaigns to defeat illnesses such as tuberculosis, AIDS, cancer, and heart disease. Others work to prevent the spread of rare, deadly diseases, such as the now infamous Ebola virus. Veterinarians tend to sick and injured animals, and doctors, dentists, nurses, and other health care professionals maintain the general health and well being of their patients.
Environmental management and conservation: Biologists in management and conservation careers are interested in solving environmental problems and preserving the natural world for future generations. Park rangers protect state and national parks, help preserve their natural resources, and educate the general public. Zoo biologists carry out endangered species recovery programs.
Education: Life science educators enjoy working with people and encouraging them to learn new things, whether in a classroom, a research lab, the field, or a museum.
Colleges and Universities: Professors and lecturers teach introductory and advanced biology courses. They may also mentor students with projects and direct research programs.
Primary and secondary schools:Teaching younger students requires a general knowledge of science and skill at working with different kinds of learners. High school teachers often specialize in biology and teach other courses of personal interest.
Science museums, zoos, aquariums, parks, and nature centers: Educators in these settings may design exhibits and educational programs, in addition to teaching special classes or leading tours and nature hikes.