A Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) is an undergraduate academic degree which qualifies the graduate as a teacher in schools.
Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) is a course offered for those interested in pursuing career in teaching. The B.Ed degree is mandatory for teaching in higher primary schools and high schools. The minimum qualification required for entry into B.Ed course is Bachelor of Arts (B.A), Bachelor of Science (BSc) or Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com). While students from arts stream are trained to teach subjects like history, civics, geography and languages. The students from science stream are trained to teach mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. After BEd, students can pursue Master in Education (M.Ed) in Indian universities. National Council for Teacher Education is statutory body which regulates courses in teaching in India.
Diploma in Education:
Diploma in Education (DEd) or TCH meant for teaching in primary and nursery schools in India. However the qualification for admission to this course is pass in pre university course.
Elementary Teacher Education:
The Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.El.Ed.) programme is a four-year integrated professional degree programme of Elementary Teacher Education offered after the senior secondary (class XII) stage of school. Conceptualized by the Maulana Azad Centre for Elementary and Social Education (MACESE) of the Department of Education, University of Delhi. The programme is an attempt towards fulfilling the need for professionally qualified elementary school teachers. B.El.Ed. is designed to integrate the study of subject knowledge, human development, and pedagogical knowledge and communication skills. Both professional and academic options are available to students who graduate with a B.El.Ed. Degree.
Master of Education:
The Master of Education (M.Ed., MEd, Ed.M., M.A.Ed., M.S.Ed. or M.Ed.L) is a postgraduate academic master’s degree awarded by universities in a large number of countries. This degree in education often includes the following majors: curriculum and instruction, counseling, and administration. It is often conferred for educators advancing in their field. A master’s degree is required to earn a professional license. In most states a master’s degree or higher is required for a principalship or school counseling position.
Categories of study:
Typical programs branch into one of several categories:
Curriculum and Instruction:
This is typically the area to advance knowledge of, and professional practice in, teaching and learning. Coursework in this field generally focuses on teaching, public service, and scholarship. Often at the master’s level, curriculum and instruction majors (or curriculum and teaching at some schools) participate in educational research. This major is designed often for preparation to enter educational careers in schools, including classroom teaching.
This is typically the area where students study to become mental health professionals and work toward state licensure in mental health counseling. Typically state licensure requires 90 credit hours on a quarter systems.
Candidates in school counseling typically study psychology, sociology, or social work as undergraduates. The Master’s degree, in addition to advanced courses of study, certifies an individual for employment as a school counselor.
Neuroscience Interdisciplinary Degree in Education:
Harvard University is notable for having an interdisciplinary neuroscience master’s degree given as an M.Ed. The degree may have little instruction in teaching, with education referring to the learning process in humans versus the profession or institution of education.
This is typically the area where teachers are increasing their knowledge in their specific field or branching to another area within teaching. Examples are subject related, such as mathematics, social studies, or science, or tiers of school, such as elementary or high school. These teachers may be maintaining their certification or moving into a more marketable bracket.
Higher Education and Student Affairs:
Coursework in this area is aimed at the study of colleges and universities (higher education) or the administrative operations of higher education (student affairs) in specific programmatic elements. Ordinarily, the only requirement for admission to this type of program is an undergraduate degree.
Typically serves individuals 18 years or older. Some classes, such as adult literacy, high school diploma programs, English as a second language, parent education, and some job training classes are sponsored by the government. Others, such as art and dance classes are fee-based. A B.Ed. degree or teacher’s certificate is not usually a requirement for admission to an adult education program.
Prep for Ed.D, or Ph.D.
This is typically the area where teachers study for continuing work into the doctoral programs. Candidates in this area would study specific educational issues and often get into educational research in preparation for doctoral work. This is the broadest area of master’s work for education.